In fact, the method involves promotion of natural system to take care of its own self – we simply provide conditions to let life forms do it themselves. Conservation policies will be pursued with quite different sets of instruments and conservation methods depending on the objectives and the costs implied. Ex situpreservation involves the conservation of plants or animals in a situation removed fromtheir normal habitat. I: All-India, CMIE Pvt. Pundis, R. P. S., 1996, Personal communication, ICRISAT. Crop Sci. In situ Conservation is one of the methods of the conservation of genetic resources in natural populations of plant or animal species. Conservation policies will be pursued with quite different sets of instruments and conservation methods depending on the objectives and the costs implied. In this method, the natural ecosystem is maintained and protected. Biodiversity Conservation. In Situ Conservation Methods In-situ conservation, the conservation of species in their natural habitats, is considered the most appropriate way of conserving biodiversity. It is used to refer to the collection and freezing in liquid nitrogen of animalgenetic resources in the form of living semen, ova or embryos. It is the methods of conserving all the living species in the artful habitats that reflect their natural living habitats. Conservation is an ethic of resource use, allocation, and protection. Ex situ in vivo conservation: refers to conservation through maintenance of live animal populations not kept under normal management conditions (e.g. In situ Conservation is one of the methods of the conservation of genetic resources in natural populations of plant or animal species. It is argued that efficient interventions as well as flexible and self-targeting incentive mechanisms are needed to enable the farmers to benefit from the product agrobiodiversity and at the same time to decrease the social opportunity costs of in situ conservation without losing varieties. Vicente, P. R., 1994, The MASIPAG program: An integrated approach to genetic conservation and use, in: von Braun, J., and Virchow, D., 1997, Conflict-prone formation of markets for genetic resources: Institutional and economic implications for developing countries. In situ conservation may be viewed as a dynamic process that allows the continuance of the evolutionary processes that result in genetic diversity and adaptation. The in-situ conservation has several advantages. In this chapter, the objectives of genetic resources conservation are discussed and in situ conservation methods are described, and the costs related to these conservation methods are analyzed. Finally, another advantage of in situ conservation, which is Figure 10.8 . Conservation of wildlife is of two types – in situ conservation and ex situ conservation. This can help endangered species. The interests of the indigenous people are also protected. (a. Hutia (Coney), the Jamaican Boa (yellow snake) and many This typically involves the designation of protected areas of land as either nature reserves or national parks In-situ Conservation In this species are protected in their natural habitat by making their habitats protected areas for example-National parks, Sanctuaries, Biosphere reserves, etc. In-situ conservation is on site conservation or the conservation of genetic resources in natural populations of plant or animal species, such as forest genetic resources in natural populations of tree species. In situ conservation may be viewed as a dynamic process that allows the continuance of the evolutionary processes that result in genetic diversity and adaptation. It is conservation of biological diversity outside their natural areas and is done through different methods like captive breeding, botanical garden, zoos, aquaria etc. Sukriti Singh A0523113081 BTBM/13/242 2. In situ and ex situ conservation methods are complementary options essential to the maintenance of crop and biological diversity (Office of Technology Assessment, 1987a). Not logged in 1, FAO, Rome. It is the conservation and protection of genetic resources of plant and animal species in their natural habitats itself. Magnussen, G. R. Saavedra & I. Rodrigues, 1998. http://www.eldis.org/biodiversity/biopap.htm, Jamaica | Blue and John Crow Mountains | In-situ conservation, which is also known as "on-site conservation", refers to the conservation of wild species in their natural habitats and environment. This technique has been used in the arid and semi-arid regions of northeastern Brazil, Argentina, and … Altieri, M. A., and Montecinos, C, 1993, Conserving crop genetic resources in Latin America through farmers’ participation, in: Bolster, J. S., 1985, Selection for perceptual distinctiveness: Evidence from Aguarana cultivars of Manihot esculenta. Biodiversity and Protected Areas: This approach is called in in-situ (on site) conservation. A few of the more widely recognized © 2020 Springer Nature Switzerland AG. Science+Business Media, Inc. 2005, Agricultural biodiversity and Biotechnology in Economic Development plant! The Federal Centre for breeding Research on Cultivated plants, Braunschweig conservation provides the required green and... The Federal Centre for breeding Research on Cultivated plants, Braunschweig all levels is protected.E.g natural. Conservation can be summed up as follows: Related posts: Short notes on the of... 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